The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently released draft instructions for preparing, distributing and filing 2023 Forms 1094-B/C and 1095-B/C. These instructions largely mirror guidance the IRS has published in previous years, except that the electronic filing threshold has been reduced from 250 forms to 10 forms aggregate.
For 2022 filing, employers could mail their Forms 1094 and 1095 to the IRS if their submission included fewer than 250 forms. For ACA filing for 2023 and future years, employers that cumulatively submit at least 10 forms to the IRS, including W-2s, 1099s, ACA forms 1094/1095, and other common form series, the employer must now file all of those forms electronically.
For example– if you are an employer who issues five Forms W-2 for 2023, four 1095-B forms for 2023, and one 1094-B Form for 2023, this is a sum collectively of 10 total forms and this employer must file all of these forms electronically with the IRS when its due in 2024.
This change result from a final regulation the IRS issued earlier this year that officially reduced the electronic filing threshold for many forms.
Employers that have historically submitted their Forms 1094/1095 to the IRS by paper will need to consider overall how many forms they will be filing with the IRS (not just Forms 1094/1095) in 2024 to determine whether they can continue to file via paper. Even if your carrier prepares you with paper copies of your 1094/1095 forms as a courtesy for submission to the IRS, you will still need to evaluate if you need to file those electronically in 2024.
Ultimately the 10 form aggregate threshold will necessitate electronic filing for nearly every employer. Anyone who has traditionally paper filed their ACA forms to consider contracting with a vendor or speak with their payroll company to see if they can confidentially e-File on their behalf in 2024.
The IRS guidance regarding the filing threshold is available online at https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2023-02-23/pdf/2023-03710.pdf